Anti-gay pastor Fred Phelps Sr. dies at 84

The Rev. Fred Phelps Sr., founder of the Kansas church known for anti-gay protests and pickets at military funerals, died Thursday. He was 84. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel, File)

The Rev. Fred Phelps Sr., founder of the Kansas church known for anti-gay protests and pickets at military funerals, died Thursday. He was 84. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel, File)

By John Hanna

Associated Press

TOPEKA, Kan. – The Rev. Fred Phelps Sr., the fiery founder of a small Kansas church who led outrageous and hate-filled protests that blamed almost everything, including the deaths of AIDS victims and U.S. soldiers, on America’s tolerance for gay people, has died. He was 84.

Daughter Margie Phelps told The Associated Press that Fred Phelps, whose actions drew international condemnation, died around midnight Thursday. She didn’t provide the cause of death or the condition that recently put him in hospice care.

Throughout his life, Phelps and the Westboro Baptist Church, a small congregation made up almost entirely of his extended family, tested the boundaries of free speech, violating accepted societal standards for decency in their unapologetic assault on gays and lesbians. In the process, some believe he even helped the cause of gay rights by serving as such a provocative symbol of intolerance.

Phelps believed any misfortune, most infamously the deaths of American soldiers killed in Iraq and Afghanistan, was God’s punishment for society’s tolerance of homosexuality. He and his followers carried forward their message bluntly, holding signs at funerals and public events that used ugly slurs and read “Thank God for dead soldiers.” God, he preached, had nothing but anger and bile for the moral miscreants of his creation.

“Can you preach the Bible without preaching the hatred of God?” Phelps asked in a 2006 interview with The Associated Press. “The answer is absolutely not. And these preachers that muddle that and use that deliberately, ambiguously to prey on the follies and the fallacious notions of their people, that’s a great sin.”

For those who didn’t like the message or the tactics, Phelps and his family had only disdain. “They need to drink a frosty mug of shut-the-hell-up and avert their eyes,” his daughter, Shirley Phelps-Roper, once told a group of Kansas lawmakers.

The activities of Phelps’ church, unaffiliated with any larger denomination, inspired a federal law and laws in more than 40 states limiting protests and picketing at funerals. He and a daughter were even barred from entering Britain for inciting hatred.

But in a major free-speech ruling in 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the church and its members were protected by the U.S. Constitution’s First Amendment and could not be sued for monetary damages for inflicting pain on grieving families.

Helping the gay cause?

Yet despite that legal victory, some gay rights advocates believe all the attention Phelps generated served to advance their cause.

Sue Hyde, a staff member at the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, said plenty of churches and ministers preach a message that attacks gay people. But Phelps and his family had “taken this out on the streets,” forcing people to confront their own views and rousing a protective instinct in parents and friends of gays and lesbians.

“It’s actually a wonderful recruiting tool for a pro-equality, pro-social acceptance movement,” she said. “To the Phelps family, that is not particularly important or relevant. They are not there to save us. They are there to advise us that we are doomed.”

Once seen as the church’s unchallengeable patriarch, Phelps’ public visibility waned as he grew older and he became less active in the church’s pickets, with daughters Shirley Phelps-Roper and Margie Phelps — an attorney who argued the church’s case before the U.S. Supreme Court — most often speaking for Westboro. In the fall of 2013, even they were replaced by a church member not related to Phelps by blood as Westboro’s chief spokesman.

In Phelps’ later years, the protests themselves were largely ignored or led to counter demonstrations that easily shouted down Westboro’s message. A motorcycle group known as the Patriot Guard arose to shield mourners at military funerals from Westboro’s notorious signs. At the University of Missouri in 2014, hundreds of students gathered to surround the handful of church members who traveled to the campus after football player Michael Sam came out as gay.

Phelps’ final weeks were shrouded in mystery. A long-estranged son, Nate Phelps, said his father had been voted out of the congregation in the summer of 2013 “after some sort of falling out,” but the church refused to discuss the matter. Westboro’s spokesman would only obliquely acknowledge this month that Phelps had been moved into a care facility because of health problems.

Asked if he was surrounded by family or friends at his death, Margie Phelps would only say that “all of his needs were met when he died.” There will be no funeral, she said.

Mississippi native

Fred Waldron Phelps was born in Meridian, Miss., on Nov. 13, 1929. He was raised a Methodist and once said he was “happy as a duck” growing up. He was an Eagle Scout, ran track and graduated from high school at age 16.

Selected to attend the U.S. Military Academy, Phelps never made it to West Point. He once said he went to a Methodist revival meeting and felt the calling to preach. Ordained a Baptist minister in 1947, he met his wife after he delivered a sermon in Arizona, and they were married in 1952.

Phelps was a missionary and pastor in the western United States and Canada before settling in Topeka in 1955 and founding his church. He earned his law degree from Washburn University in Topeka in 1964, focused on civil rights issues.

But in 1979, the Kansas Supreme Court stripped him of his license to practice in state courts, concluding he’d made false statements in court documents and “showed little regard” for professional ethics. He called the court corrupt and insisted he saw its action as a badge of honor. He later agreed to stop practicing in federal court, too.

Westboro remained a small church throughout his life, with less than 100 members, most related to the patriarch or one of his 13 children by blood or marriage. Its website says people are free to visit weekly services to get more information, though the congregation can vote at any time to remove a member who they decide is no longer a recipient of God’s grace.

The church’s building in central Topeka is surrounded by a wooden fence, and family members are neighbors, their yards enclosed by the same style of fence in a manner that suggests a sealed-off compound.

Most of his children were unflinchingly loyal, with some following their father into the law. While some estranged family members reported experiencing severe beatings and verbal abuse as children, the children who defended their father said his discipline was in line with biblical standards and never rose to the level of abuse.

Phelps could at times, in a courtly and scholarly manner, explain his religious beliefs and expound on how he formed them based on his reading of the Bible. He could also belittle those who questioned him and professed not to care whether people liked the message, or even whether they listened. He saw himself as “absolutely 100 percent right.”

“Anybody who’s going to be preaching the Bible has got to be preaching the same way I’m preaching,” he said in 2006.

Despite his avowedly conservative views on social issues, and the early stirrings of the clout Christian evangelicals would enjoy within the Kansas Republican Party, Phelps ran as a Democrat during his brief dabble as a politician. He finished a distant third in the 1990 gubernatorial primary, and later ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate and Topeka mayor.

It was about that time that Westboro’s public crusade against homosexuality began. The protests soon widened and came to include funerals of AIDS victims and any other event that would draw a large crowd, from concerts of country singer Vince Gill to the Academy Awards.

He reserved special scorn for conservative ministers who preached that homosexuality was a sin but that God nevertheless loved gays and lesbians. When the Rev. Jerry Falwell died in 2007, Westboro members protested at his funeral with the same sorts of signs they held up outside services a decade earlier for Matthew Shepard, a gay University of Wyoming student who was beaten to death in 1998.

“They’re all going to hell,” Phelps said in a 2005 interview of Christians who refuse to condemn gay people as he did.

It wasn’t just the message, but also the mocking tone that many found to be deliberately cruel. Led by Phelps, church members thanked God for roadside explosive devices and prayed for thousands more casualties, calling the deaths of military personnel killed in the Middle East a divine punishment for a nation it believed was doomed by its tolerance for gay people.

State and federal legislators responded by enacting restrictions on such protests. A Pennsylvania man whose 20-year-old Marine son died in 2006 sued the church after it picketed the son’s funeral and initially won $11 million. In an 8-1 ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court declared in 2011 that the First Amendment protects even such “hurtful” speech, though it undoubtedly added to the father’s “already incalculable grief.”

“The Westboro Baptist Church is probably the vilest hate group in the United the State of America,” Heidi Beirich, research director for the Montgomery, Ala.-based Southern Poverty Law Center, told The Associated Press in July 2011. “No one is spared, and they find people at their worst, most terrible moments of grief, and they throw this hate in their faces. It’s so low.”

  • Jerry Patterson

    The writer could not even be honest in the headlines. Fred Phelps was and is being damned for saying what God has said in his word about Sodomites (It is a lie to call Sodomites gay.) and about God punishing wickedness by “killing the young men with the sword.” But, people have no fear about damning a preacher who says faithfully what God has said. The charge is that he is hateful. I have been reading some of the comments on line by the Sodomites and their supporters. Read and tell me who is being hateful, bigoted, and anti-Christian.

    • Winston Smith

      If you’re defending Fred Phelps, you’re a really pathetic person. Even if you don’t agree with homosexuality and think it’s a sin, that man protested at the funerals of dead soldiers and others as well. Can you imagine the hurt that would cause an already grieving family?

      • Jerry Patterson

        If you take the time to read the US Supreme Court Decision that upheld his defence when he was sued, you would not lie about what he did. Moreover, think of the most sacred place in the world to the Hebrew people, of course, it was the Temple. Then remember what Jesus said in their most sacred place of worship, e.g. Matthew 23. You will se that Jesus was doing the same type of thing you condemn Fred Phelps for. Moreover, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Zechariah, and others did the same thing. Amaziah paid a high price for trying to dictate where Amos was to preach. By the way, the decision by the US Supreme Court is posted on line. If you read it, you will see your lie.

        • TWBDB

          Mr Patterson, I’m not following your logic at all : exactly what are you saying Mr Smith is lying about ? You really aren’t making any sense at all.

          • Jerry Patterson

            If you read the Supreme Court decision you will find that Phelps did not protest at the site of the funeral, but some distance away out of sight of those participating in the burrial. People have lied about this by saying he protested at the funeral. This is why the Supreme Court ruled in his favor.

          • Winston Smith

            Oh well that makes it okay then. *facepalm

          • TWBDB

            Really Winston. It never ceases to amaze me how far people will go to think they’ve made a point.

          • TWBDB

            Yes, the Supreme Court ruled in his favor as he protested on the public sidewalk leading to and outside the location – not in the church or in the cemetery where the funeral was being held. That’s the triviality accounting for the difference enough for you to call someone a liar: and the triviality enough for this kind of behavior to be condoned by the courts. The fact remains this scumbag preacher and his family showed up at funeral processions to spread his vitriol at the expense of the grief stricken. He’s also welcomed protests at his own death bed: and I hope to God no one is stupid enough to show up. He’s dead now – good riddance – let him deal with his own eternal consequences as the rest of us will have to.

  • Winston Smith

    Initially I thought it would be nice if people organized a massive protest at his funeral. But then I realized that would just be using the same repulsive tactics he and his disgusting family popularized. There doesn’t need to be any protest. This man left his own dark, shameful legacy. Let that speak for itself.

  • FrereJocques

    I’ve waited for this day for a long time. May he rot and burn for all eternity in the Hell he has created for himself and his followers. Others can say it is not PC to condemn this man. Fred Phelps has caused more hurt and grief for so many people through the years, and all in the name of God and money-making. No decent and self-respecting God I know would welcome this man into Heaven, after so misrepresenting Him and His teachings, and especially as he appears to have died unrepentant.

    Good riddance to bad rubbish. This man was a waste of skin and fresh air. Don’t let the church door hit you in the a$$ on your way down to the seventh level of Hell.

    • Jerry Patterson

      I note that you are the one purveying hate, not Fred Phelps.

      • FrereJocques

        If you can’t see that Fred Phelps purveyed hate for most of his life, then you have bigger problems that need dealing with. I’m just “purveying” it after his death.

        What Jesus said in the Temple has nothing to do with what I have said about Fred Phelps. Jesus condemned the religious leaders, “the ones that sit in Moses’ seat” and as we would say today, He called them out. Fred Phelps was not a religious leader in any sense of the word. He barely had 100 followers, and most of those were his extended family and relatives.

        The Supreme Court did not uphold Mr. Phelps’ religious doctrine, they merely upheld the civil laws of the land stating that Mr. Phelps had the legal right to say what he wanted, regardless of how unpopular, callous, insulting, hurtful, demeaning, and frankly wrong, his speech was. Which, incidentally, are the same rights I have to say what I did about HIM.

        • 1941641

          Frere,
          There are those that loathed the old bigot and there are those that loved him deeply. J.P. is of the latter group! Console him in his grief.

  • Jack Makokov

    Karma is undefeated.

  • Thile

    I reckon Mr. Phelps is really surprised right now. Surprised and quite warm.

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  • TWBDB

    No comment

  • barney fife

    The world is a slightly better place without the bigotry and hate spewed by one mean old man. May his passing bring slight comfort to the multitudes he offended with his hate.

    • 1941641

      AMEN, Barney!