WASHINGTON – The Obama administration is about to add more personal information to E-Verify, an immigration enforcement tool that is vulnerable to fake, stolen or borrowed documents.
The administration has said that it will add driver’s license data from the state of Mississippi to E-Verify as early as June 8. The agency will test whether using the data can help E-Verify better identify people working illegally in the U.S. E-Verify checks workers’ information against Social Security and immigration records. E-Verify was not designed to check whether a document with valid information belongs to the person who presented it.
Citizenship and Immigration Services, part of the Department of Homeland Security, has tried to make up for E-Verify’s shortcomings by adding photos from U.S. passports, green cards given to legal permanent residents and work permits. But those only cover some workers.
About 80 percent of workers present driver’s licenses to establish their identity when filling out paperwork at new jobs, including papers – known as I-9 forms – asking whether they are citizens or permitted to work in the U.S., said Bill Wright, a spokesman for Citizenship and Immigration Services, which oversees E-Verify.
Only data such as birth dates and driver’s license numbers will be shared by Mississippi, not photos.
Other states will be watching the Mississippi experiment to see how it affects Americans’ privacy. No other states have agreed to share data yet, although some others were asked.
Citizenship and Immigration Services proposed using the driver’s license data in a May 9 Federal Register notice. The public can comment on the proposal through June 8.
The addition of driver’s license data raises concerns with the American Civil Liberties Union, which has been a leading opponent of E-Verify, created in 1996 but little used until after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
Jon Kalahar, a spokesman for Mississippi’s Department of Public Safety, said employers won’t have access to information they don’t already have. They will punch in driver’s license numbers and other information to the E-Verify online site and the site will access the Mississippi driver’s license information and confirm whether there is a match. Kalahar said Citizenship and Immigration Services assured his agency that the license information will be kept safe during the six month experiment.
The use of E-Verify could figure prominently in any immigration debate in Congress this session.
Republican Rep. Lamar Smith, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, cheered a Supreme Court ruling on Thursday sustaining Arizona’s state law requiring businesses to use E-Verify. The 2007 law was signed by then-Arizona Gov. Janet Napolitano, now the secretary of the Department of Homeland Security. Mississippi law requires employers in that state to use E-Verify.
Smith said he would soon introduce a bill expanding E-Verify and making its use mandatory for businesses.
More than 200,000 of the estimated 7 million employers in the U.S are using E-Verify. Most use it voluntarily, although federal contractors and some businesses are required to do so.
Suzanne Gamboa/The Associated Press