Following are some basic martial arts terms:
– Aikido A Japanese art of self-defense that employs throws, wrist locks and immobilization techniques. This defensive art uses flowing circular movements to blend with and subdue an opponent.
– Aiki-jujutsu The jujutsu style from which aikido developed; this is older terminology.
– Bujutsu Japanese term meaning “martial arts.”
– Dojo Martial arts school.
– Hapkido Korean form of aikido.
– Sensei Teacher. This is a title of respect that someone confers upon another person.
– Shinkendo Japanese swordsmanship, an art with a thousand-year history. Shinkendo is a progressive, safety-oriented method of learning how to use the Japanese sword in a practical manner. In Japanese, shin means “real” or serious”; ken means “sword”; and do means “way of.” Literally, shinkendo means “way of the real sword.”
Shinkendo consists of training in kata (dance-like forms of movement), suburi (solo practice), kumite (partner practice) and tameshigiri (test cutting with a sword). Other areas of study include sword safety, how to choose a good sword, sword etiquette and the history of the sword. Basic training begins with a wooden sword, continues with the practice sword and culminates in the use of a real sword.
– Shorin-ryu karate-do The Okinawan system of karate (an empty-handed system of self-defense developed by Okinawans).
– Tameshigiri A stylized method of testing a sword that allows a martial arts expert to maintain his sword skills without going into actual battle. This is also called “test cutting.” Cutting through giant green bamboo bundles simulates the texture of cutting bone; straw tatami mats similarly mimic the cutting of flesh. Toshishiro Obata is renowned for his tameshigiri skills.