Is President Obama an American version of Mikhail Gorbachev, the leader whose well-intentioned reforms led to the demise of his country’s global power? That’s the anxiety a traveler hears these days from worried U.S. allies, and it’s mirrored in a provocative article published recently.
This concern about erosion of American power is powerfully stated in “The End of History Ends” by Walter Russell Mead in The American Interest. Mead warns that Obama’s attempts to disengage from the over-commitments of the George W. Bush presidency have emboldened what he calls the “Central Powers,” Russia, China and Iran. With the U.S. in seeming retreat, these rivals “think they have found a way to challenge and ultimately to change the way global politics work.”
I think Mead is too pessimistic. But there’s no denying that the worries he expresses in the article are widely shared by some of America’s traditional allies.
“Does the administration understand that in this part of the world, its credibility has collapsed?” warns one well-connected Arab who speaks often with the region’s leaders.
Partly this scornful tone reflects the well-publicized unhappiness in Saudi Arabia and other Sunni powers of the Gulf about Obama’s diplomatic opening to Shiite Iran and what’s seen as his feckless policy in Syria. But there’s a deeper anxiety that Obama, in a Gorbachev-like attempt to correct his country’s past mistakes, has begun a process that is undermining America’s global role and making its traditional allies more vulnerable. If you assume (as I do) that Obama is right to explore a possible deal that reverses Iran’s nuclear program without going to war, the question is how to limit the negative side effects. That requires a kind of strategic communication with friends and foes that, for five years, has been a consistent weakness for the Obama administration.
One Arab analyst argues that as Obama has sought to rebalance U.S. power, he has adopted “the Ostrich doctrine” – meaning that he has ignored the reversals that have followed U.S. attempts to disentangle itself in Iraq and Afghanistan. In Iraq, where the U.S. spent a trillion dollars and thousands of lives, the government is now effectively an Iranian client; but that hasn’t drawn a U.S. reaction. In Afghanistan, where the U.S. also devoted enormous effort, President Hamid Karzai thumbs his nose at America and gets away with it. Foreign leaders worry that Obama doesn’t see that U.S. power is fading.
Odd as it may sound, Obama should emulate the Iranians: Even as they negotiate a possible nuclear agreement with the U.S., they are still aggressively pushing their regional agenda through proxies such as Hezbollah. Military historians note that retreat, even to a more defensible position, is among the most difficult and dangerous of maneuvers.
Returning to Gorbachev, the paradox is that although he was right in trying to change an outmoded, overburdened system, he didn’t foresee the consequences. He thought he could pull on a few stray threads without unraveling the sweater. The analogy is unfair, in that Soviet power was malign, whereas American hegemony has generally been positive. But a common theme is that repositioning a superpower is a tricky business.
David Ignatius’ email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.