DOYLE MCMANUS: A smaller, smarter military gets support from top brass

By Doyle McManus

President Barack Obama has called a halt to the decade-long rise in defense spending that began after Sept. 11, and has proposed shrinking the Army and Marine Corps by about 14 percent.
Congressional Republicans (not to mention Mitt Romney) say that would be disastrous and that it could jeopardize American troops abroad.
But the military brass has stood behind Obama – literally. When the president announced his proposals, the Joint Chiefs of Staff lined up behind him in the Pentagon’s briefing room. There has been no audible dissent from the officer corps.
Last week I sat down with the chief of the service that’s taking the deepest hits, Gen. Raymond T. Odierno of the Army, to try to see the budget issues from a soldier’s perspective.
His take? He doesn’t relish shrinking the Army he has served in since 1972, but he accepts the need for a cap on spending growth.
“In all the learning I’ve ever done since I was a cadet at West Point, one of the things I found out is that the underpinning of any strong society is its economic capability and its political system,” he said.
“It’s essential that we do play (a part) in helping to get our budget right, to get our economy moving, to ensure that we reduce spending. And that’s what we’re doing.
“Would I have rather seen the budget cuts a bit less? Probably,” he said, suggesting that the Army might come back next year and ask for some spending to be restored.
The Army is slated to shrink by 80,000 troops, more than any other service.
“Some people say, well, the Army is the loser. In my mind I call it a rebalancing,” he said.
Instead, he talks about a new doctoral program to train officers in strategic planning, and he talks about educating more officers to become experts on Asia and the Middle East, about “cultural awareness” and “the human domain.”
When Odierno first arrived in Iraq during the U.S. invasion in 2003, he thought his mission was straightforward: to hunt down Saddam Hussein and the remnants of his regime.
Odierno initially defended his muscular strategy, but he decided on reflection that he was wrong.
In 2006, Odierno and other military leaders changed course, forming an alliance with former insurgents in Anbar province and launching a surge in Baghdad. These initiatives helped bring the war under control.
The important thing, Odierno concluded, was “understanding the environment, understanding the fabric that’s beneath a society” – knowledge he didn’t have when he arrived in Iraq in 2003.
“Seven out of 10 of the world’s largest land armies are in Asia,” he points out. “In every country, the predominant service is the army.” If the United States wants to build relationships with Asian military establishments, the officers who will have the easiest time doing that will come from the U.S. Army, he says.
Up to now, history has remembered generals by the campaigns they fought. By that measure, Odierno has already made his mark through the successful surge in Iraq he helped orchestrate.
But ultimately, he may be remembered primarily for something less dramatic but more important: using the lessons of Iraq and Afghanistan to create a smaller but smarter force.
If he can pull that off, he’ll deserve the oil portrait he’s already guaranteed on the wall of the Pentagon’s Army corridor.
Doyle McManus is a columnist for The Los Angeles Times. Readers may send him email at doyle.mcmanuslatimes.com.