JIMMIE FOSTER: Who we celebrate on Veterans Day

On Nov. 11, our country will honor its veterans, as it does every year, with parades, ceremonies, speeches and patriotic music. Schools will welcome us into their classrooms and ask us to tell our stories, and everywhere we go young and old alike will clasp our hands and say, “Thank you for serving.” We are blessed to live in a grateful nation.
We also live in an incredibly diverse nation. Our veteran population – just over 23 million and counting – reflects that. As Americans seek out those in their communities who wore the uniform to recognize them this Veterans Day, they’ll find that women and minorities are serving in the military in greater numbers than ever before.
According to the National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics, about 2.6 million U.S. veterans – 11 percent – are black. Another 1.824 million – 8 percent – are women. Smaller percentages include Hispanics (5.8 percent), Asian/Pacific Islanders (1.5 percent), American Indian/Alaska natives (0.8 percent), and “other” (1.3 percent). These numbers are always changing, but together, they’re about 29 percent of America’s veterans, or about 6.7 million. We’re no longer Sgt. Rock’s army.
Addressing The American Legion’s 92nd National Convention in Milwaukee, I expressed my desire to see more of this diversity in our own ranks – not because our organization is a promoter of diversity for diversity’s sake, but because from its inception, the Legion has always maintained that a veteran is a veteran. From Frank Buckles, the last living World War I veteran, to Dawn Halfaker, who lost an arm in combat during Operation Iraqi Freedom and now serves on The American Legion Small Business Task Force, we all share a common bond, regardless of our gender or race.
This is not a new development. Women were admitted into the Legion before they had the right to vote in the United States. One of our founders, Hamilton Fish, is probably best known as the commander of the first all–black U.S. combat unit shipped overseas in World War I – the Harlem Hellfighters, who in 191 days of duty at the front didn’t have any men captured or ground lost. Two of the country’s most prominent civil–rights voices, Earl Dickerson and Corneal Davis, were among the first black veterans to join the newly formed American Legion and organize posts for black soldiers.
If you honorably served our country during wartime, you have a home in the Legion, period. We know, and cherish, a camaraderie rarely found elsewhere in society – a camaraderie that is colorblind and, increasingly, genderblind. The oath we swore was the same. The commitment we made. The discipline we endured. The joy and pride we felt serving something greater than ourselves.
When speaking to Legionnaires, I often point out that women and minorities together make up a third of our total forces. We’re seeing many of these veterans put on Legion caps, which is as it should be. But we must reach out and welcome all of them into our family, which won’t be whole until every eligible veteran joins us in our mission to keep on serving America. We are them, and they are us.

Jimmie Foster of Anchorage, Alaska, was elected national commander of The American Legion on Sept. 2, 2010, during the 92nd National Convention in Milwaukee. Contact him through The American Legion National Headquarters, 700 N. Pennsylvania St., P.O. Box 1055, Indianapolis, IN 46206.

Jimmie Foster