U.S. District Judge Sharion Aycock also ordered him to pay a $40,000 fine, $33,564 in restitution and 200 hours of community service to Panola County.
He is due to report to prison April 22.
Where he will serve his sentence is up to the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, which will inform him through his attorney about 10-14 days before he must report.
Chandler, 58, was indicted on May 20, 2010, on 22 counts that he conspired and defrauded the county through a garbage collection scheme.
But in December 2011, he was accused in a separate, two-count document of the garbage scheme and of embezzlement through paying himself overtime when he hadn't worked it.
If convicted, he faced up to 30 years in prison and a $500,000 fine.
He pleaded guilty to the two-count charge Dec. 14, 2011, and the government asked the court to dismiss the other charges.
In exchange for his guilty plea, the government agreed to ask the court for leniency because of his cooperation in a Batesville hospital prosecution against Tupelo businessman Ray Shoemaker and Batesville businessman Levi Garner.
Chandler was the government's key witness against them.
Shoemaker was convicted and sentenced to prison.
Garner also was convicted but Senior U.S. District Judge Neal B. Biggers threw out the decision, along with a couple of counts against Shoemaker.
Chandler was set for sentencing last November, but Aycock halted the proceeding and said more research was needed.